Arhiva pentru februarie, 2020

Employment in the Informal Sector of the Economy

Posted februarie 26, 2020 By administrator

Autori: Marinescu Cristian, Valimăreanu Ileana;

Publicare “Ovidius” University Annals, Economic Sciences Series Volume XIX, Issue 1 /2019

Abstract In this paper we aim to present some aspects regarding employment in the informal sector of the economy as well as the main aspects that distinguish the informal sector of the economy from the formal sector. We will refer to the structure of the informal sector in terms of occupation, as well as to its main features and traits, focusing on the three main criteria: the social, political and economic criterion. With regard to the structure of the informal sector, we will focus on the three categories of labor force, small enterprises (micro-enterprises) or formal (registered) firms but also part-time and informal activities.

Views – 258

The main currents (schools) of thought about the informal economy

Posted februarie 26, 2020 By administrator

Autori: Marinescu Cristian, Valimăreanu Ileana;

Publicare: Review of International Comparative Management, Volume 20, Issue 3, July 2019

Abstract: Starting from the various interpretations of the concept of “informality”, which can be associated with both negative aspects (underground economy, tax evasion, undeclared work, lack of productivity, lack of social protection, unfair competition) and positive aspects (a source for the poor, who have no alternative), this paper aims to review the main conceptual debates over the term “informality”, opinions that can be synthesized in four currents or schools of thought, respectively: The dualist school, Structuralist School, Legalistic School and Voluntaristic School

Views – 272

Autori: Marinescu Cristian

Publicare: Review of International Comparative Management Volume 20, Issue 1, March 2019

Abstract: Increasing the share of energy from renewable sources in total energy consumption is a permanent concern for the Member States of the European Union. In this paper we propose to show the present situation of the renewable energy sector in the European Union, namely a statistical analysis of the gross consumption of renewable energy at the level of the European Union during 1990 – 2016, the evolution of the share of renewable energy in gross final consumption of energy in the EU 28 between 2004 and 2

Views – 249

Autori: Marinescu Cristian

Publicare: Review of International Comparative Management , Volume 20, Issue 4, October 2019

Abstract: This work proposes an incursion, from a theoretical point of view, in the specialized literature that has, over time, approached the labor market through the formal / informal duality. From the review of the specialized literature, I found that the studies on the duality of the labor market were based on aspects related to: the bureaucracy or the regulations existing on the two types of labor markets (formal/informal), productivity, rigidity, of the salaries practiced on the two types of markets, as well as the option of employees for formal or informal, depending on the cost benefit analysis. In this paper we intend to detail the models and theories with specialized literature is currently operating to characterize the labor market, through the formal/informal duality, respectively models based on the aspect of: bureaucracy /market regulations (Hart, Soto, ILO), productivity (Lewis), rigidity (Joshi, Hield), wages (Kuznets, Field) or employee choice (Maloney, Perry).

Views – 257